1. Appointment and
Before the match, two umpires shall be appointed, one
for each end, to control the game as required by the
Laws, with absolute impartiality. The umpires shall
be present on the ground and report to the Executive
of the ground at least 45 minutes before the scheduled
start of each day's play.
2. Change of umpire
An umpire shall not be changed during the match, other
than in exceptional circumstances, unless he is injured
or ill. If there has to be a change of umpire, the replacement
shall act only as the striker's end umpire unless the
captains agree that he should take full responsibility
as an umpire.
3. Agreement with captains
Before the toss the umpires shall
(a) ascertain the hours of play and agree with the captains
(i) the balls to be used during the match. See Law 5
(ii) times and durations of intervals for meals and
times for drinks intervals. See Law 15 (Intervals).
(iii) the boundary of the field of play and allowances
for boundaries. See Law 19 (Boundaries).
(iv) any special conditions of play affecting the conduct
of the match.
(b) inform the scorers of the agreements in (ii), (iii)
and (iv) above.
4. To inform captains and scorers
Before the toss the umpires shall agree between themselves
and inform both captains and both scorers
(i) which clock or watch and back-up time piece is to
be used during the match.
(ii) whether or not any obstacle within the field of
play is to be regarded as a boundary. See Law 19 (Boundaries).
5. The wickets, creases and boundaries
Before the toss and during the match, the umpires shall
satisfy themselves that
(i) the wickets are properly pitched. See Law 8 (The
(ii) the creases are correctly marked. See Law 9 (The
bowling, popping and return creases).
(iii) the boundary of the field of play complies with
the requirements of Law 19.2 (Defining the boundary
- boundary marking).
6. Conduct of the game, implements and equipment
Before the toss and during the match, the umpires shall
satisfy themselves that
(a) the conduct of the game is strictly in accordance
with the Laws.
(b) the implements of the game conform to the requirements
of Laws 5 (The ball) and 6 (The bat), together with
either Laws 8.2 (Size of stumps) and 8.3 (The bails)
or, if appropriate, Law 8.4 (Junior cricket).
(c) (i) no player uses equipment other than that permitted.
See Appendix D.
(ii) the wicket-keeper's gloves comply with the requirements
of Law 40.2 (Gloves).
7. Fair and unfair play
The umpires shall be the sole judges of fair and unfair
8. Fitness of ground, weather and light
The umpires shall be the final judges of the fitness
of the ground, weather and light for play. See 9 below
and Law 7.2 (Fitness of the pitch for play).
9. Suspension of play for adverse conditions of
ground, weather or light
(a) (i) All references to ground include the pitch.
See Law 7.1 (Area of pitch).
(ii) For the purpose of this Law and Law 15.9(b)(ii)
(Intervals for drinks) only, the batsmen at the wicket
may deputise for their captain at any appropriate time.
(b) If at any time the umpires together agree that the
condition of the ground, weather or light is not suitable
for play, they shall inform the captains and, unless
(i) in unsuitable ground or weather conditions both
captains agree to continue, or to commence, or to restart
(ii) in unsuitable light the batting side wish to continue,
or to commence, or to restart play, they shall suspend
play, or not allow play to commence or to restart.
(c) (i) After agreeing to play in unsuitable ground
or weather conditions, either captain may appeal against
the conditions to the umpires before the next call of
Time. The umpires shall uphold the appeal only if, in
their opinion, the factors taken into account when making
their previous decision are the same or the conditions
have further deteriorated.
(ii) After deciding to play in unsuitable light, the
captain of the batting side may appeal against the light
to the umpires before the next call of Time. The umpires
shall uphold the appeal only if, in their opinion, the
factors taken into account when making their previous
decision are the same or the condition of the light
has further deteriorated.
(d) If at any time the umpires together agree that the
conditions of ground, weather or light are so bad that
there is obvious and foreseeable risk to the safety
of any player or umpire, so that it would be unreasonable
or dangerous for play to take place, then notwithstanding
the provisions of (b)(i) and (b)(ii) above, they shall
immediately suspend play, or not allow play to commence
or to restart. The decision as to whether conditions
are so bad as to warrant such action is one for the
umpires alone to make.
The fact that the grass and the ball are wet and slippery
does not warrant the ground conditions being regarded
as unreasonable or dangerous. If the umpires consider
the ground is so wet or slippery as to deprive the bowler
of a reasonable foothold, the fielders of the power
of free movement, or the batsmen of the ability to play
their strokes or to run between the wickets, then these
conditions shall be regarded as so bad that it would
be unreasonable for play to take place.
(e) When there is a suspension of play it is the responsibility
of the umpires to monitor the conditions. They shall
make inspections as often as appropriate, unaccompanied
by any of the players or officials. Immediately the
umpires together agree that conditions are suitable
for play they shall call upon the players to resume
(f) If play is in progress up to the start of an agreed
interval then it will resume after the interval unless
the umpires together agree that conditions are or have
become unsuitable or dangerous. If they do so agree,
then they shall implement the procedure in (b) or (d)
above, as appropriate, whether or not there had been
any decision by the captains to continue, or any appeal
against the conditions by either captain, prior to the
commencement of the interval.
10. Exceptional circumstances
The umpires shall have the discretion to implement the
procedures of 9 above for reasons other than ground,
weather or light if they consider that exceptional circumstances
11. Position of umpires
The umpires shall stand where they can best see any
act upon which their decision may be required.
Subject to this over-riding consideration the umpire
at the bowler's end shall stand where he does not interfere
with either the bowler's run up or the striker's view.
The umpire at the striker's end may elect to stand on
the off side instead of the on side of the pitch, provided
he informs the captain of the fielding side, the striker
and the other umpire of his intention to do so.
12. Umpires changing ends
The umpires shall change ends after each side has had
one completed innings.
See Law 14.2 (Forfeiture of an innings).
13. Consultation between umpires
All disputes shall be determined by the umpires. The
umpires shall consult with each other whenever necessary.
See also Law 27.6 (Consultation by umpires).
(a) The following code of signals shall be used by umpires.
(i) Signals made while the ball is in play Dead ball
- by crossing and re-crossing the wrists below the waist.
No ball - by extending one arm horizontally.
Out - by raising an index finger above the head. (If
not out the umpire shall call Not out.)
Wide - by extending both arms horizontally.
(ii) When the ball is dead, the signals above, with
the exception of the signal for Out, shall be repeated
to the scorers. The signals listed below shall be made
to the scorers only when the ball is dead.
Boundary 4 - by waving an arm from side to side finishing
with the arm across the chest.
Boundary 6 - by raising both arms above the head.
Bye - by raising an open hand above the head.
Commencement of last hour - by pointing to a raised
wrist with the other hand.
Five penalty runs awarded - by repeated tapping of one
shoulder to the batting side with the opposite hand.
Five penalty runs awarded - by placing one hand on the
opposite to the fielding side shoulder.
Leg bye - by touching a raised knee with the hand.
New ball - by holding the ball above the head.
Revoke last signal - by touching both shoulders, each
with the opposite hand.
Short run - by bending one arm upwards and touching
the nearer shoulder with the tips of the fingers.
(b) The umpires shall wait until each signal to the
scorers has been separately acknowledged by a scorer
before allowing play to proceed.
15. Correctness of scores
Consultation between umpires and scorers on doubtful
points is essential. The umpires shall satisfy themselves
as to the correctness of the number of runs scored,
the wickets that have fallen and, where appropriate,
the number of overs bowled. They shall agree these with
the scorers at least at every interval, other than a
drinks interval, and at the conclusion of the match.
See Laws 4.2 (Correctness of scores), 21.8 (Correctness
of result) and 21.10 (Result not to be changed).