1. Umpire not to give batsman out without an appeal
Neither umpire shall give a batsman out, even though
he may be out under the Laws, unless appealed to by
the fielding side. This shall not debar a batsman who
is out under any of the Laws from leaving his wicket
without an appeal having been made. Note, however, the
provisions of 7 below.
2. Batsman dismissed
A batsman is dismissed if
either (a) he is given out by an umpire, on appeal
or (b) he is out under any of the Laws and leaves his
wicket as in 1 above.
3. Timing of appeals
For an appeal to be valid it must be made before the
bowler begins his run up or, if he has no run up, his
bowling action to deliver the next ball, and before
Time has been called.
The call of Over does not invalidate an appeal made
prior to the start of the following over provided Time
has not been called. See Laws 16.2 (Call of Time) and
22.2 (Start of an over).
4. Appeal "How's That?"
An appeal "How's That?" covers all ways of
5. Answering appeals
The umpire at the bowler's end shall answer all appeals
except those arising out of any of Laws 35 (Hit wicket),
39 (Stumped) or 38 (Run out) when this occurs at the
striker's wicket. A decision Not out by one umpire shall
not prevent the other umpire from giving a decision,
provided that each is considering only matters within
When a batsman has been given Not out, either umpire
may, within his jurisdiction, answer a further appeal
provided that it is made in accordance with 3 above.
6. Consultation by umpires
Each umpire shall answer appeals on matters within his
own jurisdiction. If an umpire is doubtful about any
point that the other umpire may have been in a better
position to see, he shall consult the latter on this
point of fact and shall then give his decision. If,
after consultation, there is still doubt remaining the
decision shall be Not out.
7. Batsman leaving his wicket under a misapprehension
An umpire shall intervene if satisfied that a batsman,
not having been given out, has left his wicket under
a misapprehension that he is out. The umpire intervening
shall call and signal Dead ball to prevent any further
action by the fielding side and shall recall the batsman.
8. Withdrawal of an appeal
The captain of the fielding side may withdraw an appeal
only with the consent of the umpire within whose jurisdiction
the appeal falls and before the outgoing batsman has
left the field of play. If such consent is given the
umpire concerned shall, if applicable, revoke his decision
and recall the batsman.
9. Umpire's decision
An umpire may alter his decision provided that such
alteration is made promptly.This apart, an umpire's
decision, once made, is final.